The Short And Bloody History Of Knights
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Originally founded to protect Christian pilgrims to the Holy Land, the order assumed greater military duties during the 12th century.
History of the Knights Templar
Its prominence and growing wealth, however, provoked opposition from rival orders. Following the success of the First Crusade —99 , a number of Crusader states were established in the Holy Land, but these kingdoms lacked the necessary military force to maintain more than a tenuous hold over their territories. Most Crusaders returned home after fulfilling their vows, and Christian pilgrims to Jerusalem suffered attacks from Muslim raiders.
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Baldwin II , king of Jerusalem, gave them quarters in a wing of the royal palace in the area of the former Temple of Solomon, and from this they derived their name. Although the Templars were opposed by those who rejected the idea of a religious military order and later by those who criticized their wealth and influence, they were supported by many secular and religious leaders.
Beginning in , Hugh undertook a tour of Europe and was well received by many nobles, who made significant donations to the knights. The Templars obtained further sanction at the Council of Troyes in , which may have requested that Bernard of Clairvaux compose the new rule. Bernard also wrote In Praise of the New Knighthood c. In Pope Innocent II issued a bull that granted the order special privileges: the Templars were allowed to build their own oratories and were not required to pay the tithe; they were also exempt from episcopal jurisdiction, being subject to the pope alone.
The rule of the order was modeled after the Benedictine Rule , especially as understood and implemented by the Cistercians. The Knights Templar swore an oath of poverty, chastity, and obedience and renounced the world, just as the Cistercians and other monks did. Like the monks, the Templars heard the divine office during each of the canonical hours of the day and were expected to honour the fasts and vigils of the monastic calendar.
The Short and Bloody History of Knights, Spies, and Pirates
They were frequently found in prayer and expressed particular veneration to the Virgin Mary. They were not allowed to gamble, swear, or become drunk and were required to live in community, sleeping in a common dormitory and eating meals together. They were not, however, strictly cloistered, as were the monks, nor were they expected to perform devotional reading most Templars were uneducated and unable to read Latin. The Templars gradually expanded their duties from protecting pilgrims to mounting a broader defense of the Crusader states in the Holy Land. They built castles, garrisoned important towns, and participated in battles, fielding significant contingents against Muslim armies until the fall of Acre , the last remaining Crusader stronghold in the Holy Land, in By the midth century the constitution of the order and its basic structure were established.
It was headed by a grand master, who was elected for life and served in Jerusalem. Templar territories were divided into provinces, which were governed by provincial commanders, and each individual house, called a preceptory, was headed by a preceptor.
General chapter meetings of all members of the order were held to address important matters affecting the Templars and to elect a new master when necessary. Similar meetings were held at the provincial level and on a weekly basis in each house.
The Templars were originally divided into two classes: knights and sergeants. The knight-brothers came from the military aristocracy and were trained in the arts of war. They assumed elite leadership positions in the order and served at royal and papal courts. The sergeants, or serving-brothers, who were usually from lower social classes, made up the majority of members. They dressed in black habits and served as both warriors and servants.
The Templars eventually added a third class, the chaplains, who were responsible for holding religious services, administering the sacraments, and addressing the spiritual needs of the other members. Although women were not allowed to join the order, there seems to have been at least one Templar nunnery.
The Templars eventually acquired great wealth. The kings and great nobles of Spain , France, and England gave lordships, castles, seigniories, and estates to the order, so that by the midth century the Templars owned properties scattered throughout western Europe, the Mediterranean, and the Holy Land. Refresh and try again. Open Preview See a Problem? Details if other :. Thanks for telling us about the problem. Return to Book Page.
Admit it. You fantasize about donning a suit of armor and jousting in the lists, stealing secret information behind enemy lines, scaling a ship's rigging with a knife clenched in your teeth. Who doesn't? The Short and Bloody History of Knights, Spies, and Pirates puts you right into the action with fascinating facts, surprising stories, and close encounters with real life Admit it. The Short and Bloody History of Knights, Spies, and Pirates puts you right into the action with fascinating facts, surprising stories, and close encounters with real life adventurers.
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Lists with This Book. This book is not yet featured on Listopia. Community Reviews. Showing Rating details. More filters. Sort order. Jun 16, Elizabeth Plav rated it it was amazing. Short and sweet, funny and entertaining AND informative.
Knights of Blood
Enjoy it. I highly recommend it! Oct 28, Cassie Allen rated it it was amazing. Highly entertaining! May 31, Elizabeth rated it really liked it.
The Short And Bloody History Of Knights : John Farman :
This book is short, fun and quirky all at the same time. It's a pretty quick read, and even though the facts aren't very very detailed, it still gives you good information, and it puts it in a way that makes you want to keep reading. My favorite part was the pirates part, because it busted some of the stereotypes that have been put on pirates, including the rum and the girls.
First, there was absolutely no girls allowed on the ship. If you were caught with a girl on deck you would get a severe p This book is short, fun and quirky all at the same time. If you were caught with a girl on deck you would get a severe punishment, maybe even getting the punishment of getting dragged behind the ship on a rope. Then you weren't allowed to have any rum on board either.
The captain didn't want any drunk sailors working for him. The other part the I liked were all the famous people that were in the book.
by John Farman
I loved all the different backstories and how they all led up to who they were in that time. I would recommend this book to anyone who wants a quick read, but also wasn't to learn something too. This book also works if you need an informational book for your school reading list and you have no idea what to do ; Jan 02, Davis rated it liked it. The writing style was a bit too colloquial for my tastes, but it was still a good read. The best parts were the detailing of individual's lives, especially the sections on women spies and pirates. The facts all seemed accurate, but who am I to know if they were or not.
This would be a fun read for any kid looking to know more than the popular depictions, and will hopefully inspire them to learn more about the stories that stick in their head for days after. Apr 08, Mariah rated it it was amazing Shelves: spies , knights , pirates , history , humor , children-s-books , favorite. These hilarious chapters make history fascinating. This book presents well-researched facts in a voice that appeals to a year old. While I personally love this book, and will re-read parts of it just for fun, I have not been so successful getting kids to read it